Rama Navami is a spring Hindu festival that celebrates the birthday of the Hindu God Lord Rama. He is particularly important to the Vaishnavism tradition of Hinduism, as the seventh avatar of Bhagwan Vishnu.
The day is marked by Rama Katha recitals, or reading of Rama stories including the Hindu sacred epic Ramayana. Some Vaishnava Hindus visit a temple, others pray within their home, and some participate in a bhajan or kirtan with music as a part of puja and aarti. Some devotees mark the event by taking miniature statues of the infant Rama, washing it and clothing it, then placing it in a cradle. Charitable events and community meals are also organized. The festival is an occasion for moral reflection for many Hindus.
On the ninth day of the auspicious festival of Chaitra Navratri, Ram Navami is celebrated to mark the birth anniversary of Lord Rama. The ninth day or Navami Tithi is celebrated across the country and people celebrate the festival with much fervour and cheer. This falls on the Shukla Paksha of the Chaitra month, according to the Hindu calendar. Considered to be one of the main Hindu festivals, Ram Navami also signifies the birth of truth, purity and happiness, all the things that Lord Rama signifies.
Rama Navami 2021 Tithi
The Navami Tithi will start at 12:43 AM, April 21 and end at 12:35 AM, April 22.
Rama Navami 2021 Puja Shubh Muhurat
The Ram Navami puja should be performed during the Madhyana (afternoon). The Shubh Muhurat will be observed between 11:02 AM to 1:38 PM.
Ram Navami History and Story
Shri Rama was born in the Suryavanshi Ikshavaku Dynasty family; born to King Dasharatha and his first Queen Kaushalya in the Treta Yuga. He was known worldwide as Raja Ram by his subjects in the Kingdom. He is also known to be the seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Chaitra Navratri is marked to celebrate Goddess Durga and the triumph of good over evil. The ninth-day culminates with Ram Navami and quite significantly, both the festivals denote the victory of good over evil spirits.
Ram Navami Significance and Importance
As mentioned earlier, Ram Navami commemorates the birth anniversary of Lord Rama and so, Hindus across the country and in different parts of the world chant stories about Shri Ram. Many recite and sing folklores to celebrate the festival. Worshippers also wash Lord Ram’s idols and decorate them with dresses and make the statue sit in a miniature cradle. Other devotees even organise community meals for the neighbourhood, especially to be distributed among the poor. Other people also observe a vrat (fast) at this festival. People offer sweets to one another to mark this special occasion.
Sri Rama Navami Celebrations
Sri Rama Navami is one of the important festivals celebrated at ISKCON Bangalore. Devotees fast throughout the day and remember Sri Rama, by chanting His holy names or hearing from the Ramayana. They break the fast at sunset. You can also observe Rama Navami Vrata at home.
- You can bathe and dress up miniature idols of Lord Rama and place them in a cradle to mark his birth
- You can light a lamp in front of the idol
- Cook payasam and offer it to God
- You can also celebrate this day by providing food to the needy.
- If you want to delve deep into this ritual, you can even invite nine girls at home, shower them with respect and offer them prashad in the form of halwa and puri. This is popularly known as the Kanya Puja ritual, where girls are believed to be the manifestation of Indian Goddesses
While the festival is named after Rama, the festival typically includes reverence for Sita, Lakshmana and Hanumana given their importance in Rama’s story. Some Vaishnava Hindus observe the festival in Hindu temples, some observe it within their homes. Surya, the Hindu sun god, is a part of the worship and ceremonies in some communities.
Some Vaishnava communities observe all nine days of Chaitra Navaratri remembering Rama, and reading the Ramayana, with some temples organizing special discussion sessions in the evening. Charitable events to help those in need and community meals are organized by temples and Vaishnava organizations, and for many Hindus it is an occasion for moral reflection.
The important celebrations on this day take place at Ayodhya and Sita Samahit Sthal (Uttar Pradesh), Sitamarhi (Bihar), Janakpurdham (Nepal), Bhadrachalam (Telangana), Kodandarama Temple, Vontimitta (Andhra Pradesh), Ramanathaswamy temple, Rameswaram (Tamil Nadu),Vaduvur Sri Kothandaramaswamy Temple (Tamil Nadu), SriRama Pada Temple, Dhanushkodi, Rameshwaram (Tamil Nadu), Eri Katha Ramar temple, Maduranthakam(Tamil Nadu), Eri-Katha Ramar Temple, Thirunindravur (Tamil Nadu), Sri Kodanda-Ramar Temple,Thirupullani (Tamil Nadu), Sri Kodandaramar Temple, T-Nagar, Chennai (Tamil Nadu), Sri Parathasarathy Temple(SriRamar Sannidhi), Thiruvallikeni, Chennai, Jharkhand (hazaribag, chatra, Ranchi, lamta shiv Mandir),(Tamil Nadu). Rathayatras, the chariot processions, also known as Shobha yatras of Rama, Sita, his brother Lakshmana and Hanuman, are taken out at several places. In Ayodhya, many take a dip in the sacred river Sarayu and then visit the Rama temple.
The Significance of the Festival is indicates the victory of goodness on evil and establishment of the Dharma to beat the Adharma. Ram Navami festival celebration starts with the Jal (water) offering in the early morning to the God Sun (A Deity) to get blessings from him. People also believe that God Sun was an ancestor of Lord Rama.
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