The auspicious Varalakshmi Vrat falls on the Friday preceding the full moon day in the holy month of Shravan. It is a special Vrat observed by married women in veneration of Goddess Lakshmi who is known to grant the wishes of her devotees. All eight forms of Lakshmi known as ‘Astha Lakshmi’ are also worshipped on this day.
Legend has it that Goddess Parvati had cursed a person named Chitranemi for being partial in announcing the winner of a game played between Her and Lord Shiva. It is believed that Chitranemi was liberated of the curse after performing the Varalakshmi Vrat. Another legend has it that Lord Shiva suggested this Vrat to Goddess Parvati for the wellbeing of the family.
Popularly observed by the women of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh, the Vrat commences in the morning with the women decorating the houses with kolam (Rangoli) and performing the Lakshmi Puja. The women performing the Vrat read the story of Charumati, who once had a dream about Goddess Lakshmi.
Impressed with her devotion towards her family, Goddess Lakshmi asked her to observe this Vrat.
The Goddess is worshipped in the form of a ‘Kalasham’. A coconut is placed on the Kalasham and is covered with a mask made of silver representing her face. It is then adorned with kumkum, flowers and offered various sweets as ‘Naivedyam’.
On Varalakshmi Vratam day, women worship Ashta Lakshmis or the eight Lakshmis (names provided below)
- Aadi Lakshmi (the Protector)
- Dhana Lakshmi (Goddess of Wealth)
- Dhairya Lakshmi (Goddess of Courage)
- Sowbhagya Lakshmi (Goddess of Prosperity)
- Vijaya Lakshmi (Goddess of Victory)
- Dhanya Lakshmi (Goddess of Nourishment)
- Santaana Lakshmi (Goddess of Progeny)
- Vidhya Lakshmi (Goddess of Wisdom)
Varalakshmi Vratam Pooja – Items required for puja
Haridra, Kumkum, Sindhoor, Akshatha, Chandanam, Vastra, Dora Granthi, Yagnopaveetha, Karpoora, Agarbathies, Peetha for Puja Bell, Diya, Peetha for Sri Varamahalakshmi, Sri Varamahalakshmi Idol, Sri Varamahalakshmi Mukhavada, Kalasha, Panchapatra, Udharana, Arghyapatra, Pugiphala, fresh fruits, sweets, flowers etc.
Varalakshmi Vratam Mantra
Mantra in Sanskrit
पद्मसने पद्मकरे सर्व लोकैक पूजिते। नारायणप्रिये देवि सुप्रीता भव सर्वदा॥
Mantra in English
Padmaasane Padmakare Sarva Lokaika Poojithe| Narayanapriya Devi Supreethaa Bhava Sarvada|
(She) who sits in the lotus, (she) who holds the lotus, (She) to whom all the worlds pray. Goddess who is dear to Narayana, be kind/good to me